Neurological Diseases are most common amongst children

Background

Let's dive a bit deep

Rehabilitation is the action of restoring someone to healthy and normal life through training and therapy after some illness so that he/she may attain a useful and constructive place in society. Many diseases affect children in the modern day in their childhood and some at birth. Diseases, which affect children at birth, are usually caused by premature birth, complications during birth or due to complications during the development of the fetus. These diseases include behavioral, neural and physical disorders. Some of the prominent disorders include Sensory Dysfunction Disorder (SDD), Stereotypic Movement Disorder (SMD), Cerebral Palsy (CP), Muscle Atrophy/Local Atrophy, Tongue Neuropathy, Squint (strabismus), Childhood apraxia of speech (CAS) and Dysarthria. Cerebral palsy alone affects nearly 500,000 children in the US and 318,392 people in Pakistan while squint affects 4,389,604 people in Pakistan.

Causes of Disorders

Following are the most common causes of disorders

Congenital Causes (present at birth)

  • Gene Abnormalities
  • Chromosome abnormalities
  • Metabolic Disorders
  • Change in chromosome structure

Pre/perinatal Causes

  • Gene Abnormalities
  • Nutritional deficiencies
  • Infections
  • Hypoxia/asphyxia
  • Hypoxia/asphyxia
  • Prematurity/low birth weight

Acquired Causes (developed after birth)

  • Immune disorders
  • Postnatal infections
  • Traumatic brain injury
  • Spinal cord injuries
  • Neoplasm
  • Toxins

Types of Therapies

Therapies to reduce side effects and symptoms of neurological disease

Electroconvulsive Therapy

Giving mild electric shocks. Involves a brief electrical stimulation of the brain while the patient is under anesthesia

Environmental Therapy

Reducing clutter and noise around the patient to make it easier to focus on tasks and reduce confusion and frustration

Prescription Drugs

To boost neurotransmitter levels to regulate the activity of the neurotransmitters to improve memory and learning

Chiropractors

Treat problems with the muscles and joints. Pulling or stretching your muscles in different directions

Vibrational Waves

To Increase Metabolism and cause up to 3000 gentle, involuntary muscle contractions per minute

Occupational Therapy

Teaching the patient strategies to minimize the effect that cognitive impairment has on day-to-day living